Leaf Circuits


Printed electronics have been common as the rapid fabrication technique of ubiquitous devices. However, previous techniques remain to require chemical materials and limited types of substrate materials. In addition, the durability of the printed circuit is low, it leads easily to break the circuit by bending sharply. Such limitations significantly inhibit the creativity of the users and rob expressive fabrication. We propose Leaf Circuits, a new fabrication technique of printed electronics using a metal-leaf and laser printer. Our technique allows the users easy, low-cost, rapid fabrication of printed electronics on various materials include normal paper, wooden-surface, clothes. We conducted multiple durability evaluations, and show Leaf Circuits have high durability against stretching, bending, and time degradation. Our user study shows that the users who have no experience in electronic work can design and create diverse electronic circuits during several hours workshop.


  1. 加藤 邦拓, 真鍋 宏幸 , 川原 圭博, 瀬川 典久. Leaf Circuits: 金属箔とレーザプリンタを用いた回路作成の応用と評価, インタラクション2020論文集, pp.96-105, (2020). [PDF]

  2. Norihisa Segawa, Kunihiro Kato, and Hiroyuki Manabe. Rapid Prototyping of Paper Electronics Using a Metal Leaf and Laser Printer, The Adjunct Publication of the 32nd Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology (UIST'19), pp.99-101, (2019). [DOI]

  3. 瀬川 典久, 加藤 邦拓, 真鍋 宏幸. レーザプリンタと金属箔を用いた回路の試作 ver2, 第27回インタラクティブシステムとソフトウェアに関するワークショップ (WISS 2019) 論文集, (2019). (予稿なし発表)